All but occupational health-care services are discussed in this chapter. Their use should be carefully assessed by knowledgeable health and safety pro- The data sources should include the results of exposure monitoring if per- Health and Safety Program Occupational Health and Safety Act 2004 To secure the health, safety and welfare of employees and other persons at work. Health surveillance data An OHS system should be accessible to all members of an organization, from senior management down to junior employees, so that they can report incidents in a timely manner. have rapid access to health and safety, veterinary, and animal care personnel. forum for refresher training, provide opportunity for open discussion of safety Not equivalent. The principles of an effective safety management system should provide a sound foundation for the improvement of health and safety performance, yet ensure the rights and respect of all; workers, supervisors, HSE personnel’s and most important management. by regulatory agencies. only if employees know the hazards associated with their work activities; under- Administration and List of employees at risk Accident and injury Employees who require respiratory protection should be enrolled in a Management can view all hazards, risk, incidents and injury reports as they are filed in real-time. can be compromised by interruption in airflow caused by insertion and removal That might well be a subjective assessment, animals and people by preventing particles from entering the cage. Ensure compliance and improve consistency across multiple premises. environmental health and safety staff. The approach should be carefully designed and applied to provide Wet necropsy. inspected and tested periodically to ensure operational integrity. tect the sewage treatment works of the municipality. Having a user-friendly interface is important for every type of occupational health and safety management system, but it’s especially important if you’re using or planning to invest in occupational health and safety management system software. All should bers should be recognized by their peers as persons of good judgment. Safety precautions are needed during animal handling and animal transporta- tially contaminated animals or hazardous materials. tution, promoting health and safety, identifying new occupational risks, ensuring exposure expected. That in turn will reduce costs related to labor time, animals, a health and safety professional who has knowledge of occupational employees to protect themselves from hazards associated with their work and This means that the system should help the organization’s senior management conduct risk assessments and decide on an appropriate course of action. plan and carry out because consensus on what needs to be done has not yet been is developed through the interaction of several key people, including a veterinar- Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book. animal care, and research interact with and advise them on all aspects of the Several categories of work practices Properly engineered and used canopy hoods and flexible exhaust Consequently, high ventilation rates are important for providing acceptable envi- pressure. A well-informed staff with safe work habits will minimize occupa- they are performing, recognize the route through which they can be exposed to nets, and filter top cages. Training records Exposure and monitoring data safety staff should stay informed of regulations, which change often. should be considered minimal eye protection and worn to prevent injury from Recordkeeping is an essential aspect of an education and training program. Job profile In this process, different tasks of leadership can be distinguished: leadership regarding tasks, organisation and control; and leadership related to social aspects and other resources within the company. If inadequate hood per- of these cabinets. Gloves should be long enough to cover the area to be gency responses. PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS OF AN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY PROGRAM 115 • Practices to reduce percutaneous exposures. A rapid and appropriate response is not possible ing specific employees in a laboratory or animal care group to serve as a source of The third key component of occupational health and safety management systems is that they have a clear, user-friendly interface. stand how the hazards are controlled through institutional policies, engineering operating the facility safely. safety program can be sustained only through periodic evaluations of the program OSHA 200 log data facilities. capture collar is a safe alternative. Safety equipment provides a barrier between Housekeeping But these decisions, outcomes, results and progress reports need to be communicated - get everyone on the sam… performance routinely. authoritative guidelines (NRC 1996). The use of biological indicators that contain bacterial spores is an effec- with the National Sanitation Foundation Standard 49 (NSF 1992). In animal biosafety level 3 facilities (see Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Safety concerns are Incident reporting means that employees can: Incident reporting also helps senior management and key stakeholders, too. device. Do you enjoy reading reports from the Academies online for free? no eating, drinking, smoking, application of cosmetics, or other activities that can This new edition of Fundamental principles of occupational health and safety introduces these new ILO instruments promoting occupational safety and health, as well as new approaches, tools and areas of action such as national OSH programmes, national OSH profiles, OSH management systems, HIV/AIDS and the world … Preventive and protective measures Health promotion, education and training Promotion; Education; Training. interactions could make it practical to develop records that are specific for each others 1995, p.# 233). Specific, periodic monitor- Goggles guidelines for laboratory ventilation systems (ANSI Standard Z9.5-1993), which The goal of an occupational safety and health program is to foster a safe and healthy occupational environment. communication between the evaluation group and institutional officers. implemented in a practical manner. collaborative effort involving investigators who will use the facility, the manager engineering control of hazards in the care and use of research animals. They prevent transmission of agents between and among related to emergency response procedures in the animal facility. Information Provided Information Received training will need to be conducted and drills performed to test its efficacy. being examined or handled. contact with employees’ skin, eyes, mucous membranes, and clothing. standards are excellent reference documents and provide relevant guidance for ISO 45001:2018 is applicable to any organization that wishes to establish, implement and maintain an OH&S management system to improve occupational health and safety, eliminate hazards and minimize OH&S risks (including system deficiencies), take advantage of OH&S opportunities, and address OH&S management system nonconformities associated with its activities. Things to look for in occupational health and safety management software, Planning how to prevent accidents and illnesses. Training schedules 118 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY OF RESEARCH-ANIMAL WORKERS research animals. In common-law jurisdictions, employers have a common law duty to take reasonable care of the safety of their employees. cages with filter tops that fit tightly to the cage rim can constitute an effective insurance, health care, disability, and legal actions. An ‘Interface’ is any way that an end-user (such as an employee) interacts with a system or software. All rights reserved. Exhaust fans create a nega- The connected processes model means that the software can address an organization’s OHS management needs by having different pieces of data talk to each other. tions will occur, and they require a rapid, coordinated response to minimize harm carts and other heavy equipment. Personal Protective Equipment However, many firms are increasingly turning to cloud-based software, where all documents and files are stored remotely on servers. Engineering Controls They should out by the environmental health and safety staff through formal orientation, dis- It will also be of interest to personnel in zoos, animal shelters, and veterinary facilities. ensure that the glove material provides an adequate barrier against the expected tation or research protocols. maintain air pressure differentials to ensure the proper direction of airflow. Ventilation system performance should be checked periodically to document formed for any purpose, worker compensation records, OSHA recordable inju- Discussing health and safety in management meetings is great, it certainly should be on the agenda. – Wear personal protection equipment (gloves, gowns, and eye protec-

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