The southern edge of the western highlands is marked by the Sierra Madre, which stretches from the Mexican border south and east, and continues at lower elevations toward El Salvador. Major cities are the capital Guatemala City, elevation 1,500 m (Central Highlands), Antigua Guatemala, elevation 1,530 m (Central Highlands), Quetzaltenango elevation 2,350 m (Western Highlands) and Puerto Barrios on the Caribbean coast. The northern and southern mountains are separated by the Motagua valley, where the Motagua river and its tributaries drains from the highlands into the Caribbean being navigable in its lower end, where it forms the boundary with Honduras. Its neighbors are Mexico on the north and west, and Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador on the east. Geography The northernmost of the Central American nations, Guatemala is the size of Tennessee. By using this site, you agree to. [2], "The poorest in Guatemala bear brunt of climate change, research says", "Shunned by investors, poorer nations seek to climate-proof growth", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Guatemala&oldid=980911072, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Border countries: Belize 266 km, El Salvador 199 km, Honduras 244 km, Mexico 958 km, Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation, This page was last edited on 29 September 2020, at 05:59. All major cities are located in the highlands and Pacific coast regions; by comparison, Petén is sparsely populated. As observed on the physical map of Mexico above, the country has an extremely diverse topography. Belize has a long coastline on the Caribbean Sea, and is on the eastern side of the Yucatan Peninsula. The mountain chain is characterized by steep volcanic cones, including Tajumulco Volcano 4,220 m or 13,845 ft, the highest point in the country and Central America. Covering an area of 1,972,550 sq. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. Two mountain chains enter Guatemala from west to east, dividing the country into three major regions: the highlands, where the mountains are located; the Pacific coast, south of the mountains; and the limestone plateau of the Petén region, north of the mountains. The two countries are parties to the Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR), which aims to facilitate trade and investment, as well as further regional integration by eliminating tariffs, opening markets, reducing barriers to services, and promoting transparency. [1], Guatemala has joined the V20, a group of 48 developing economies working together with development banks towards climate resilience and 100% renewable energy. Guatemala's location on the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean makes it a target for hurricanes, including Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and Hurricane Stan in October 2005, which killed more than 1,500 people. The damage was not wind related, but caused by flooding and landslides. Belize is a small country in Central America, south of Mexico and east of Guatemala. Your email address will not be published. It is more temperate in the highlands, to freezing cold at the high of the Cuchumatanes range, and hot/drier in the easternmost departments. All rights reserved. Guatemalan coastlines cover about 200 miles on the Pacific Ocean and 70 miles on the Caribbean. Climate is hot and humid in the Pacific and Petén Lowlands. The rivers are short and shallow in the Pacific vertient, larger and deeper, such as the Polochic which drains in Lake Izabal, Río Dulce, Motagua and Sarstún that forms the boundary with Belize in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico vertient (Usumacinta, which forms the boundary between Chiapas, Mexico and Petén and its tributaries such as La Pasión and San Pedro. These three regions vary in climate, elevation, and landscape, providing dramatic contrasts between hot, humid tropical lowlands and colder, drier highland peaks. This detailed map is waterproof and tear-resistant. These areas vary in climate, elevation, and landscape, providing dramatic contrasts between hot and humid tropical lowlands and highland peaks and valleys. Guatemala is mountainous, except for the south coastal area and the vast northern lowlands of Petén department. Looking to build up your students' map and data skills? Related geographic areas or categories: Guatemala, Middle East, National Geographic Maps & Travel Guides, National Geographic Travel Guides The United States is one of Guatemala’s largest trading partners. Guatemala - Guatemala - Climate: Located within the tropics and with elevations ranging between sea level and more than 13,000 feet (4,000 metres), Guatemala experiences a diversity of climates. Mountains: The Sierra Madre Occidental Range runs north to … physical features of Guatemala Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for the Antigua Guatemala area. A representative democracy, its capital is Guatemala City. Antigua Guatemala Weather Forecasts. All articles, images, product names, logos, and brands are property of their respective owners. Last Updated: October 6, 2020 About the map This map of Guatemala highlights major cities, transportation and water features for this Belize has a long coastline on the Caribbean Sea, and is on the eastern side of the Yucatan Peninsula. Feel free to send anything via mail! The Geography of Guatemala Total Size: 108,890 square km Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Tennessee Geographical Coordinates: 15 30 N, 90 15 W World Region or Continent: Central America General Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau Geographical Low Point: Pacific Ocean 0 m Geographical High Point: Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m All of Guatemala's 37 volcanoes (3 of them active: Pacaya, Santiaguito and Fuego), are in this mountain chain, and are abundant in the highlands. To the north of Belize is the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, sharing a border w… Scale 1: 500,000. Ciudad de Guatemala (Guatemala City) Population 16,858,333 inhabitants Area 108,890 km² Major languages Spanish (official), Mayan languages Major religions Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and Indigenous Mayan Beliefs More information Guatemala, Geography of Guatemala, History of Guatemala and Politics of Guatemala: More images Today, this region falls into modern day southern Mexico, most of Guatemala, all of Belize, the northern tip of Honduras, and a northeast piece of El Salvador. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guatemala Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. Overview: Guatemala is the most northern and populous of the five Central American countries. The last major earthquake was on February 4, 1976, killing more than 23,000 in the Central Highlands. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. Guatemala Travel Guide. Use of these names, logos, and brands does not imply endorsement unless specified. Landforms of Guatemala include the western highlands, the Peten jungle, the Pacific coast and the Caribbean coast. The agricultural sector accounts for 13.5% of GDP and 31% of the labor force; key agricultural exports include sugar, coffee, bananas, and vegetables. To the north of Belize is the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, sharing a border with the Mexican town of Chetumal City. Some of the volcanoes are active. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guatemala Geography 2020 information contained here. On the coast it has a swampy coastal plain that is dominated by mangrove swamps, while in the south and the interior there are hills and low mountains. El Salvador, the smallest country in Central America is bordered in the north and west by Guatemala, by Honduras to the north and the east and by the Pacific Ocean in the south and to the west. Guatemala’s most stunning natural asset is Lago de Atitlan, Lake Atitlan.Surrounded by misty blue volcanoes, the lake is also ringed by a dozen Maya villages. Do not miss : the Mayan site of Tikal, lost in the jungle! Volcán Tajumulco, 4,220 m, the highest point in Central America, is located in the western department of San Marcos. Guatemala – sovereign country located in Central America bordering Mexico to the northwest, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize and the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast. Belize is a small country in Central America, south of Mexico and east of Guatemala. The latitude and longitude of Belize is 17° 15′ North and 88° 45′ West and is situated on the narrow isthmus of land that connects North America and South America. Photograph by Jill Schneider, Nat Geo Image Collection It borders 4 different countries including El Salvador, Honduras, Belize and Mexico. This map of Guatemala highlights major cities, transportation and water features for this country in Central America. km (42,042 sq mi). 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Guatemala is bounded to the north and west by Mexico, to the northeast by Belize and (along a short coastline) by the Gulf of Honduras, to the east by Honduras, to the southeast by El Salvador, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean. km (761,610 sq mi), Mexico is a country located in the southern part of North America. The northern chain of mountains begins near the Mexican border with the Cuchumatanes range, then stretches east through the Chuacús and Chamá sierras, down to the Santa Cruz and Minas sierras, near the Caribbean Sea. The country is located in Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico. The latitude and longitude of Belize is 17° 15 North and 88° 45 West and is situated on the narrow isthmus of land that connects North America and South America. Geography, Climate and Biodiversity of Belize Belize is a relatively small country with mainly flat terrain. Your email address will not be published. Geographic coordinates 15°30′N 90°15′W / 15.500°N 90.250°W Map references Central America and the Caribbean Area Total: 108,889 km² Land: 107,159 km² The largest lake Lago de Izabal (589.6 km²), is close to the Caribbean coast. The most visited are Panajachel, San Pedro la Laguna, and Santiago, all boasting glorious (and distinctive) lake vistas.Be sure to take a day trip to nearby highlands village Chichicastenango during a market day (Thursdays and Sundays). Most of the major cities are located in the Highlands. Map of Guatemala; Interactive Factbook: GEOGRAPHY, Flag, Map,Geography, People, Government, Economy, Transportation, Communications Required fields are marked *. The Maya made their home in northern Central America. McElhanney Annual Civil/Geomantic Engineering Scholarship, Lockheed Martin announces completion of SBIRS GEO-5 satellite for launch in 2021, Digital Technologies for Post-Covid Resilient Infrastructure, VIRTUAL 18th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM 2021), Baidu leads China in Artificial Intelligence patents, is poised to bring about Intelligent Transformation, ANRA Technologies begins Switzerland’s first nationwide implementation of Remote ID, GIS and Agent-Based Modeling: Future Developments in Geographical Agent-Based Models: Challenges and Opportunities, GEOBIM 2020 – Inclusive – Geospatial World, Analyzing UK Covid Recovery & Mobility with Avison Young, World Atlas Map – Countries and Geography, North America Map – Countries and Geography, South America Map – Countries and Geography, Corona Risikogebiete des RKI visualisiert, 25 Satellite Maps To See Earth in New Ways [2020]. Guatemala. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. The Mayan civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. The geography of Guatemala is … We now have a Public mailbox! All company, product and service names used in this website are for identification purposes only. This activity asks your students to analyze the maps, flag, and data of Guatemala.Included is an assessment with 11. questions that can be answered through analyzing the maps, flag, and data included. The major landforms in Guatemala include the highlands and prominent volcanoes, the highest peak of Tajumulco, the Pacific coast, the Caribbean coast, and the jungle area of Peten. Last Updated: October 6, 2020. A report by the Guatemalan System of Climate Change Sciences in 2019 indicated that rainy season is starting later as a result of climate change, putting subsistence farmers and indigenous people in poor communities at risk of food shortages resulting from poor harvests. Guatemala is the top remittance recipient in Central America as a result of Guatemala's large expatriate community in the US. Guatemala - Geography and Maps Located in Central America, Guatemala shares borders with four countries (Mexico, El Salvador, Honduras and Belize) and has two coastlines, one on the Caribbean Sea and one on the Pacific Ocean. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. As observed on the physical map of Guatemala, the country is largely mountainous with rolling hills, plateaus, deep river valleys, and numerous volcanoes. A Central American country, Guatemala covers an area of 108,889 sq. 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